Our Plan for Kazakhstan joining the top 30 developed countries of the world includes long-term priorities for our activity. It requires us to address a number of challenges in the following priority areas.


FIRST. It is important to adjust and strengthen the trend of innovative industrialization. I gave instructions to the Government to design a draft of the Second Five-Year Plan for Accelerated Industrial and Innovative Development for 2016-2019. We need to limit the number of priorities for industrialization.


It is important to increase the effectiveness of traditional mining sectors. They are our natural competitive advantage. We need to adopt new approaches to the management, production and processing of hydrocarbons, to maximize the export potential of the energy sector. We need to make final decisions on possible future scenarios for oil and gas production. It is important to increase the development of rare earth metals, taking into account their importance for knowledge-based industries – electronics, laser technology, telecommunications and medical equipment.


Kazakhstan should enter the world market of geological exploration. We need to attract investment from foreign engineering companies to this industry by simplifying legislation. In general, we should have separate plans for the development of traditional industries. Each of the next five-year plans should end up with an emergence of new industries in our economy. During the first five-year plan, we developed production capability in the automotive and aircraft industries, as well as locomotives, passenger and freight car production. We should expand these products and export them to external markets.

總之,距離2050年,還可以劃分出七個五年規劃,其中每個五年規劃的實施,都是為了實現同一個目標——躋身 30個發達國家的行列。

So, the remaining years until 2050 are divided into seven five-year periods, each aimed at achieving the goal of becoming one of top 30 developed countries.


During the second and subsequent five-year plans, we should establish the industries of mobile and multimedia technology, nanotechnology and space technology, robotics, genetic engineering, and future energy exploration. The key priority of the Government’s work is to create most favorable conditions for Kazakhstan’s business, mainly small and medium-sized enterprises. In the next 10-15 years, it is necessary to develop a knowledge-intensive basis for the economy. Without this basis we cannot join the group of developed countries. And it must be founded on advanced science.


SECOND. We need to ensure that our AGRICULTURE takes the path of innovations. This is our traditional industry. The global demand for food will increase. This sector will attract more investment. This will enable farmers to look beyond short-term weather-related achievements to the long-term growth of production. Competition in the global agro-production will intensify. Agricultural lands should be used by those who introduce new technologies, continuously improve productivity, and perform on the basis of the best international standards.


First and foremost, it is important to develop an effective land market, particularly through transparent pricing mechanisms. Once investment and introduction of advanced technologies become pre-requisites for farmland leasing, it will increase competition. We should remove all barriers that impede business development in agriculture, farmers’ cooperation and efficient land use.


The future lies in the creation of a network of new processing enterprises in the agricultural sector, mainly in the form of small and medium-sized businesses. In this area we should provide loans to business. Farmers should have direct access to long-term financing and markets without intermediaries. Also important is the creation of an effective system of guarantees and insurance of loans to rural producers. Kazakhstan should become a major regional exporter of meat, dairy and farming products. In crop farming, we should reduce the volume of unprofitable water-intensive crops cultivation and switch to vegetable, oilseed and forage production. We need a set of measures to drive the efficient use of agrochemicals, and increased use of modern technology of zero tillage and other innovations in arid regions.


According to the Plan for the transition to the “green” economy by 2030, 15 percent of acreage will be converted to water-saving technologies. We need to develop agricultural science and create experimental agro-innovation clusters. It is important to keep up with the pace of time, and along with the production of natural food, develop drought-tolerant, genetically modified crops. Given the designated tasks, I charge the Government to adjust the planning for agriculture development.


THIRD. The development of knowledge-based economy is, above all, the increase of the capacity of science in Kazakhstan. In this area we should improve legislation on venture financing, intellectual property protection, research and innovation support, as well as commercialization of research. I charge the Government before September 1 of this year to develop and submit to the Parliament a package of relevant bills. We need a concrete plan for the gradual increase of science financing for specific research and scientific discoveries. These are essential to the country and we need to bring them to the level of developed countries.


To accelerate the transfer of knowledge and new technologies to the country, we need to fully use the potential of foreign direct investment. In cooperation with foreign companies we need to set up design and engineering centers. We need to invite the leading transnational companies operating in major oil and gas and mining facilities to establish production facilities for their own needs and services here, in Kazakhstan. I know some large companies are ready for this. The Government must elaborate on this issue and provide favorable conditions for the process if necessary. There is no need to import equipment from abroad, if we can produce it in our country.


It is important to improve the efficiency of the national innovation system and its basic institutions. Their activities should be oriented to supporting start-ups and venture deals at early stages. It is necessary to increase activity in technology parks, mainly in large urban agglomerations, primarily in Astana and Almaty. In Astana, the first intellectual innovation cluster is already successfully operating around Nazarbayev University. In Almaty there is an “Alatau” Information Technology Park. We need to think about bringing spin-off production sites of large local companies into the clusters.


FOURTH. We have to ensure dynamic development of the infrastructure triad — AGGLOMERATIONS, TRANSPORTATION, AND ENERGY. Agglomerations are the foundation of the knowledge-based economy of Kazakhstan. Their creation and development are an important challenge given the vast territory of our country and its low population density. The largest cities of Kazakhstan, Astana and Almaty, Shymkent and Aktobe must become contemporary urban centers driving economic growth. They should become centers of science and investment, attract talent, and provide high-quality education, healthcare, social, and cultural services.


Transport infrastructure is at the heart of industrial economy and society. I have said many times that it is impossible to reach the level of a developed country without modern high-quality highways. As we are located between Europe and Asia, between the North and the South, transportation remains of great importance to Kazakhstan. To set up a network of internal roads, we have initiated construction of highways “Astana-Karaganda-Almaty”, “Astana-Pavlodar-Ust’-Kamenogorsk”, “Almaty-Kapchagay-Ust-Kamenogorsk”. These routes are already used by trains that are twice as fast.


We need to develop the logistics services sector. First of all, it is a question of the maximum use of the Customs Union territory for transportation of our goods. The construction works of the “Western Europe – Western China” corridor are coming to an end. We have built a new railway to Turkmenistan and Iran with an access to the Persian Gulf. In the future, Kazakhstan must invest in the creation of logistics centers in countries with access to the sea. It is necessary to reduce the customs clearance time for goods, increase the capacity of border checkpoints, strengthen the efficiency of the Aktau seaport, and simplify exporting and importing procedures.


We need to develop the logistics services sector. First of all, it is a question of the maximum use of the Customs Union territory for transportation of our goods. The construction works of the “Western Europe – Western China” corridor are coming to an end. We have built a new railway to Turkmenistan and Iran with an access to the Persian Gulf. In the future, Kazakhstan must invest in the creation of logistics centers in countries with access to the sea. It is necessary to reduce the customs clearance time for goods, increase the capacity of border checkpoints, strengthen the efficiency of the Aktau seaport, and simplify exporting and importing procedures.


We are going to develop the traditional energy sector. It is necessary to support research in cleaning fossil-fuel power plants’ emissions and in energy saving, in industry and household, based on the most sophisticated technologies. Recently, ten largest companies of the European Union publicly opposed the EU energy strategy based on the well-known concept of the green economy. Over the four years of its implementation, the European Union has lost 51 gigawatt of energy power. In our green energy program, we have to take into account all of these mistakes.


Preparation for the international exhibition EXPO 2017 in Astana should be used to establish a center for the study and implementation of the world’s best research and the creation of future energy. A team of specialists, under the auspices of Nazarbayev University, should lead this work. We should create conditions for the transition of our public transport to environmentally friendly fuels, introduce electric cars, and create the necessary infrastructure for them. The country needs large-scale production of gasoline, diesel fuel, and aviation kerosene. We need to construct a new oil-processing refinery.


At the same time, we should not forget about development of nuclear energy. The demand for cheap nuclear energy, in the foreseeable future, will only increase. Kazakhstan is the world leader in uranium production. We have to develop our own fuel industry and build nuclear power stations.


FIFTH. SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS development is the main tool for the industrial and social modernization of Kazakhstan in the 21st century. In this respect my position, as it is known, is well-defined, and I have expressed it many times. The greater the share of small-to-medium-sized businesses in our economy is, the more developed and sustainable Kazakhstan will be. Currently we have more than 800,000 small-to-medium-size enterprises employing 2.4 million of our citizens. Production in this sector has increased 1.6 times over the past four years and equals more than 8.3 billion tenge.


According to the global ranking, Kazakhstan has joined the group of countries with the most favorable conditions for doing business.We have to reinforce this trend.Small and medium-sized business is the economic basis of our Universal Labor Society. For its development we need to comprehensively address private property rights. It is necessary to repeal all the outdated legal norms impeding business development. Small business should become a family tradition, passed down from generation to generation.


It is important to support the specialization of small business as they grow in size. We need clear bankruptcy procedures for such enterprises. Small and medium-sized business should develop around new innovative companies. I charged the Government to combine the next five-year industrialization plan with the “Business road map 2020”. The Government, together with the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan, should establish effective support mechanisms for new entrepreneurs.


SIXTH. Our path to the future is related to creating NEW OPPORTUNITIES to UNLEASH THE POTENTIAL of our citizens. A developed country in the 21st century has active, educated, enterprising and healthy citizens. What do we need to achieve this?

首先,所有發達國家都擁有獨一無二的高品質教育體系。我們需要進行大量的工作,以改善國民教育各個環節的品質。至2020年,計畫確保哈薩克斯坦3-6歲的兒童能夠百分之百接受學前教育。因此,為他們提供現代化的教學計畫和方法,以及高水準的教師隊伍,都很重要。在中等教育中,應讓所有中學都達到納紮爾巴耶夫智力中學(Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools)的教學水準。中學畢業生應掌握哈薩克語、俄語和英語。學生學習的收穫,是掌握批判性思維的能力,要能對資訊進行獨立思考和深入分析。

First, all developed countries have a unique high-quality education system. We have a great deal of work to do to improve the quality of all parts of national education. By 2020 we expect all Kazakhstan’s children from three to six years to be in preschool education. Therefore it is important to provide these children with modern education methods and qualified personnel. In the secondary education, it is necessary to improve the standard of teaching in all schools to the level of Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools. High school graduates should speak Kazakh, Russian and English. The result of teaching should be mastery of critical thinking skills, independent research and in-depth analysis of information.