• 全球最自由的經濟體

• 全球服務業主導程度最高的經濟體,服務業佔GDP 90%以上

• 全球第二大直接外來投資目的地,僅次於中國內地

• 全球第二大直接外來投資來源地,僅次於美國

• The world’s freest economy.

• The world’s most services-oriented economy, with services sectors accounting for more than 90% of GDP.

• The world’s second largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI), after Chinese mainland.

• The world’s second largest source of FDI, after the US.



Hong Kong’s economy expanded by 2.8% year-on-year in real terms in the second quarter of 2015, up from 2.4% in the preceding quarter of 2015, which was mainly attributed to the resilient domestic demand, while the external sector remained weak. Growth in private consumption expenditure grew strongly by 6.0% year-on-year in the second quarter of 2015, from 5.3% in the first quarter of 2015. Investment expenditure gained 6.5% year-on-year in the second quarter of 2015, further to the 7.5% growth in the first quarter of 2015. On the external front, total exports of goods saw year-on-year decline of 3.6%, down from an a meagre 0.4% gain in the first quarter of 2015, whereas exports of services fared better, posting year-on-year growth of 1.0% in the second quarter. For 2015, Hong Kong’s external demand is expected to be constrained by the unsteady global trade environment and slow recovery of most economies, but domestic demand will remain a stable growth driver. In the latest round of review in August, the government revised its forecast of Hong Kong’s economic growth from 1-3% to 2-3% for 2015 as a whole.


Dragged by the visibly slower growth in tourist arrivals and weaker tourist spending, the value of retail sales, in nominal terms, dropped 1.6% year-on-year in January-June 2015, after a small decline of 0.2% in 2014. Yet the labour market conditions remain tight. The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate stood at 3.3% for May-July 2015, close to the lowest level in 17 years. Meanwhile, Hong Kong’s consumer prices rose 3.5% year-on-year in January-July 2015, after rising by 4.4% in 2014. Looking ahead, inflationary pressure should be contained in the near term, as the softening trend in global food and commodity prices should keep external price pressures in check, while local cost pressures will likely stay moderate.


In 2014, a total of 60.8 million visitors, equivalent to 8.4 times of the size of Hong Kong’s local population, were recorded, with those from the Chinese mainland accounting for 78% of the total. In January-June 2015, visitor arrivals to Hong Kong increased 2.8% year-on-year, after rising by 12% in 2014, while those from the Chinese mainland saw a stronger year-on-year growth of 4.7%, after rising by 16% in 2014. In 2014, total tourism expenditure associated to inbound tourism amounted to HK$359 billion, an increase of 8.5% from the previous year.


The four pillar economic sectors of Hong Kong are: trading and logistics (23.9% of GDP in terms of value-added in 2013), tourism (5%), financial services (16.5%), and professional services and other producer services (12.4%). On the other hand, the six industries which Hong Kong has clear advantages for further development are cultural and creative, medical services, education services, innovation and technology, testing and certification services and environmental industries, which together accounted for 9.1% of GDP in terms of value-added in 2013.